СМИ: Турции не по силам тягаться с Россией

Испорченные отношения с Россией грозят Турции не только экономическими санкциями, но и негативными последствиями для ее роли в регионе. Об этом пишет журналист Der Tagesspiegel Томас Зайберт, передает РИА Новости, передает Continent.

"На карту поставлены не только российско-турецкие отношения, поставки газа из России и планы Турции по созданию буферной зоны в Сирии. Эрдоган выступает за идею "новой Турции", которая в качестве самостоятельной региональной державы преследует собственные интересы на Ближнем Востоке" , — отмечается в статье. Эрдоган заявил, что сфера интересов Турции - весь регион между Балканами, Кавказом и Северной Африкой.

Однако, отмечает журналист, в действительности Эрдоган мало что может предпринять, чтобы помешать действиям России в Сирии. Зайберт также отмечает, что теперь все сторонники Турции в Сирии может попасть под интенсивный огонь российских ВКС. Автор статьи цитирует другого журналиста, который заявил, что "тот, кто дразнит русского медведя, расплачивается". 24 ноября Су-24 ВКС РФ был сбит в Сирии турецким истребителем F-16, когда возвращался с задания и находился на расстоянии не менее 5,5 км от границы с Турцией.

Летчикам удалось катапультироваться. Пилот Олег Пешков погиб, когда спускался на парашюте: его расстреляли боевики. Штурман Константин Мурахтин был спасен.

Австралия ⇒ Общество
01 июня 2016 г. 02:51
Claims Coalition's super changes will only affect the rich 'simply incorrect'

AM By Peta Donald The Government has faced renewed criticism of claims that its proposed changes to superannuation will only leave the top 4 per cent of wealthy Australians worse off. Key points:Labor "deeply sceptical" of claims only 4pc of people would be affected by changesIPA says superannuation changes will impact on middle income earnersRead more on the election campaign at Australia Votes Labor said there was evidence those on middle incomes would be affected too and right-wing think tank Institute for Public Affairs described the Coalition's claim as "simply not correct". It is reported Continent.

Deputy Liberal leader Julie Bishop struggled to explain the detail of the Government's plans on Melbourne radio yesterday but repeated the Government's assertion that only the top 4 per cent of Australian taxpayers would be worse off under the changes. Labor's superannuation spokesman Jim Chalmers said they were "deeply sceptical" about the Government's numbers. "The evidence that we've been receiving about the impact of the 'transition to retirement' changes is that it will impact on people on middle incomes for example, and not just people at the very top," he said. "Australian people will know before the election where we stand on 'transition to retirement'. "Audio: Listen to Peta Donald's report (AM) John Roskam, from the Institute for Public Affairs, said it was "clear that many Australians who are not classed as rich are affected".

"So for example, one particular superannuation fund estimates that up to 90 per cent of their members who use these pension programs earn less than $100,000 a year," he said. "There are many people who earn less than $60,000 who are affected by these changes. "So for the Government to claim it's simply affecting high net worth individuals is simply not correct. "And Mr Roskam said anger among many the conservative voters was building. "What occurred in Julie Bishop's interview on Melbourne radio is a manifestation of a problem that the entire Government has which is it can't explain its policy," he said. "And the Coalition has to listen and understand the very grave concerns that are being created in the community by these changes. "'It will stop me from paying for my own retirement'Michael Hodgson, 59, works in administration at a hospital in Newcastle and said he planned to retire in five years' time. "In my lifetime, I've been paying up my house, putting my kids through school, setting them up as any other parent would do," he said. "So now I'm trying to add to my super while I can. "Mr Hodgson said he was not on a high income, and after crunching the numbers to estimate the effects to his superannuation after the Coalition's changes, he would be left more than $2,500 a year worse off. "All it's going to do is stop me from being able to better pay for my own retirement and probably force me onto the pension earlier than I would have," he said. Glossary This article includes interactive context annotations which are not supported on this platform.

For the full interactive experience in this article, you will need a modern web browser with JavaScript enabled. Find out more about browser support at ABC News Online. Negative gearingNegative gearing allows property investors who make a loss on running their property to reduce the tax they pay on other income. The Coalition parties have promised not to change the current negative gearing laws, which apply to established and new houses or apartments.

Labor wants to abolish negative gearing for established houses from next year, which it claims will make housing more affordable. The Coalition has criticised Labor's plan, saying it would discourage investment, raise rents and reduce home values. But Labor says its plan would help put first home buyers on a level playing field with investors. Australia has more than two million property investors, and more than 60 per cent made a loss in the 2013-14 financial year. The average loss is about $10,000.

If someone earned a wage of $80,000, for example, negative gearing would cut their taxable income to $70,000. External Link: Toggle to see the proportion of each profession that negatively gears. Marginal seatsA seat is described as "marginal" when the winning candidate from the last election won the seat by less than 6 per cent. That means the candidate received less than 56 per cent of the two candidate preferred vote. If a candidate wins 56-60 per cent, the seat is classified as "fairly safe", and over 60 per cent is considered "safe".

For a seat to change hands, a swing of anything more than an absolute majority (50 per cent + 1 vote) is required. For example, if a member holds a seat with 56 per cent of the vote, a swing greater than 6 per cent is required for the seat to change hands. SuperannuationSuperannuation concessions are tax breaks designed to encourage people to put more money into superannuation, in theory saving the government money down the track by reducing the burden these people will place on the public purse when they retire.

Currently, superannuation is taxed at 15 per cent, with super earnings not taxed at all once you hit 60 years of age. Employers are required to put a minimum of 9. 5 per cent of an employee's income into a super fund. The superannuation concession allows people to voluntarily contribute more to their superannuation and still be taxed at the rate of 15 per cent (or 30 per cent if you are really well off), well below the majority of tax rates.

In the budget, the Government announced a lowering of the income threshold at which the 30 per cent (rather than 15 per cent) tax rate kicks in on superannuation contributions from $300,000 to $250,000, which matches one of Labor's policy commitments. They also announced the lowering of the annual cap on contributions entitled to the concessional tax rates to $25,000, from the current $30,000 for under-50s and $35,000 for those aged 50-plus.

The two moves combined are expected to save a further $2. 5 billion over three years. Labor has promised it would raise $14 billion in a decade by putting a 15 per cent tax on super earnings more than $75,000 a year. The concessions have been criticised for disproportionately benefiting the wealthy, who get a much bigger discount on their normal income tax rates than those in lower tax brackets.

With many wealthy people likely to be ineligible for the pension on reaching retirement anyway, critics argue that the concessions cost the government far more in lost revenue than it would cost to support wealthy individuals with the aged pension. Superannuation concessions cost the federal budget $30 billion in 2015–16. Gonski The Gonski needs-based funding model was implemented under former prime minister Julia Gillard in 2014 following the independent Gonski review.

Under the model every student receives a base amount of funding with extra allocated for students with special needs or from disadvantaged backgrounds. The Government has not matched the funding levels required by Gonski but has agreed to pump an extra $1. 2 billion into schools, giving the states funding certainty until 2020. The pledge partially reverses the 10-year, $30 billion cut to education funding contained in the Abbott government's 2014 budget.

Labor has promised to fully fund the last two years of Gonski at a cost of $4. 5 billion. The announcement was unveiled as part of a decade-long education plan from Labor worth $37. 3 billion. Backpacker taxCurrently, backpackers who come to Australia for work do not pay any tax until they earn more than $18,200. In the 2015 budget, there was a proposal to tax backpackers on every dollar they earn from July 1, 2016. By imposing this 32. 5 per cent tax, the Government would earn $540 million over three years.

The Government has now delayed the introduction of the tax by six months until a government review on working holiday visas is complete. That has angered farm groups, who argue they will be in the middle of harvest when any new taxes take effect. Bill Shorten says it is cynical of the Government to delay the matter until after the election but Labor has not committed to scrapping the tax either.

The Greens want it dumped altogether. Politicians and the farm sector agree that backpackers should pay some level of tax, but there is widespread concern that the proposed rate is too high. The agriculture and tourism sectors say backpackers would bypass Australia and choose countries like New Zealand or Canada if the tax was implemented. Backpackers make up 25 per cent of Australia's agriculture workforce.

In the Northern Territory, they make up 85 per cent. Penalty ratesThis election campaign is being fought under the shadow of a looming decision from the Fair Work Commission (FWC) which is deciding whether to cut Sunday penalty rates to the same level as Saturday rates. If cut, around two million people who work in the retail and hospitality industries would be affected. The Coalition has vowed to adhere to any ruling by the FWC that cuts Sunday penalty rates.

Labor does not want penalty rates cut but has ruled out passing legislation which would guarantee Sunday penalty rates if they win the election. But if elected, Mr Shorten said a Labor government will make another submission to the commission arguing against the cuts. The Australian Council of Trade Unions and the Greens want Labor to protect the Sunday penalties. The FWC will hand down their decision after the July 2 election.

External Link: Current penalty rates in Australia Preference dealsAustralia has a preferential voting system, which means if you vote for a candidate who does not get elected your vote can go to the next preferred party. Under new Senate voting laws passed in March, voters can number 1 to 6 on ballot papers above the line in order of their preference, or number individual candidates below the line. The legislation's aim is to stop the complex preference-swapping deals that led to a number of senators being elected with only a fraction of the popular vote. That is because instead of just voting for a preferred party above the line, often without knowing where their preferences have been directed, voters will now have to specify their choices.

The Liberal Party has not ruled out preferencing the Greens ahead of Labor in marginal Victorian seats. If the July 2 election delivers another hung parliament, the Greens say they would prefer a Labor-Greens deal. But both the Coalition and Labor have ruled out forming a governing Coalition with the Greens, raising the prospect of a second election if the first delivers a hung parliament. RefoulementRefoulement means the expulsion of persons who have the right to be recognised as refugees.

The United Nations Convention relating to the status of refugees outlines countries should not return a refugee to the place from which they fled because of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. This is regarded as the principle of non-refoulement. Asylum seekersThe terms refugee and asylum seeker are often confused and wrongly used in place of the other.

An asylum seeker is someone who is seeking international protection, but has not yet had their claim for refugee status determined. A refugee is someone who has been found to be requiring protection. The UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees defines it as ". owing to well‐founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it. "MYEFOThe Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook is an update of the budget position around six months after the last budget was delivered.   PEFOThe purpose of the Pre-election Economic and Fiscal Outlook is to provide an update on the budget position in the lead up to the election, taking into account as many of the government decisions made before the election writs were issued. It also outlines other factors which may be contributing to the economic situation the country finds itself in during the election period. Medicare rebate freezeIn this year's budget, the Coalition announced it would continue the indexation freeze for all Medicare Benefit Schedule (MBS) fees until 2020. While not a direct cut to GPs' income, over time GPs would earn relatively less while their costs would increase. The freeze on rebates was initially put in place for four years in 2014 after the unpopular $7. 00 GP co-payment was dropped. The Opposition has criticised the rebate freeze, calling it a GP tax by stealth. In the second week of the campaign, Opposition Leader Bill Shorten announced Labor's plans to restore indexation of the MBS from January 1, 2017. Labor said it would cost $2. 4 billion by 2019-20 and $12. 2 billion over a decade. Concessional loansConcessional loans are provided on terms substantially more generous than market loans. Below-interest rates or grace periods are often features of concessional loans. During week three of the election campaign, Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce announced a $555-million package in concessional loans for dairy farmers affected by recent milk price cuts. In 2014, the Coalition announced a drought concessional loan scheme which provides up to $150 million to drought-affected farm businesses. Many farmers seeking drought loans have slammed the scheme for delayed access to funds and poor management.

Источник:   www.abc.net.au/news/...
Туск: отношения Москвы и Анкары обсудят на саммите ЕС

Отношения между Москвой и Анкарой станут одной из основных тем в повестке экстренного саммита ЕС-Турция, который откроется через пару часов в Брюсселе. Как сообщило информагентство РИА Новости, об этом заявил председатель Евросовета Дональд Туск перед началом встречи, сообщает Continent.

"Это будет очень важной частью нашей дискуссии сегодня", - так ответил Дональд Туск на вопрос журналистов о том, будут ли на саммите в Брюсселе обсуждаться отношения России и Турции, которые обострились после того, как над территорией Сирии был сбит российский бомбардировщик Су-24. Говоря о повестке сегодняшней встречи, Туск также отметил, что основное внимание будет уделено решению проблемы с беженцами и кризису, который переживает Шенгенская система.

"Я буду повторять это вновь и вновь: без контроля внешних границ Шенген станет историей", - заявил председатель Евросовета журналистам. Напомним, что сегодня в Брюсселе откроется саммит ЕС-Турция, посвященный проблеме беженцев. Лидеры 28 стран и Турции планируют обсудить вопросы ужесточения контроля на границе Турции и Греции, активизации борьбы с нелегальными перевозчиками беженцев и обмен информацией о лицах, пересекших границу.

Кроме того, на саммите будет завершен процесс формирования фонда объемом 3 миллиарда евро для помощи Турции в борьбе с кризисом беженцев. Очевидно, что на этом же саммите в Брюсселе будут подняты вопросы о сбитом Турцией российском Су-24 и незаконных поставках нефти с подконтрольной террористами из запрещенной в России группировки "Исламское государство" в Турцию. Без сомнения всем 28 лидерам будет интересно услышать оправдания официальной Анкары по этим скандальным вопросам.

Анна Федякина.

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